Transition Planning

CHAPTER 2:
Transition policies and practices

  • Let’s talk about what happens after school.

    What comes next?

    As you near the end of your high school career, you may be wondering what comes next. It can be a little scary to think about the fact that the thing you’ve done for most of your life – gone to school – will no longer be necessary. Luckily, there is support for students as you make the move to life after high school.

  • Where do I start?

    What is transition?

    A transition is defined as a change from one thing to the next. For our purposes, it is the change from a being a high school student to an adult. Being an adult means that your attention will focus on your career, going to college or a vocational school to learn a skill or trade, and becoming involved in your community.

    Getting Support

    Luckily, as a student with a disability, there is extra support available from your school to help you decide what choices you want to make as you move to life after high school. We’ll talk about what that support looks like in this tool.

    We’re Tom’s PROMISE TEAM!

  • Here’s what the law says...

    The Law

    There are laws that outline the steps that your school has to take to support you as you transition into life after high school.  We will talk about the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), NYS Regulations of the Commissioner of Education, Part 200, Students with Disabilities (NYS Part 200), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (Section 504), and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).  

    Here are a few facts:


    · IDEA and Section 504 require that schools provide a “free and appropriate public education” or FAPE.


    · IDEA, NYS Part 200, and Section 504 require that schools help you plan for your future.


    · Both the ADA and Section 504 are non-discrimination laws. Meaning that they say schools (and other places) can’t prevent you from taking part in classes and other events because you have a disability.

  • What is IDEA?

    IDEA and Regulations of the Commissioner of Education, Part 200: Students with Disabilities

    There is a federal law, called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. NYS has its own state version of this law called Part 200. If you need special instruction in order to be successful in your classes, you likely get services under IDEA and Part 200 of the NYS law.


    This is the reason that you may have received special services and assistance all through your school career. For some of you, you may have been receiving special services beginning in preschool.

  • What is Section 504?

    Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

    Section 504 is a non-discrimination law that makes sure that all people are able to take part in events and programs in their local schools and other places that get money from the federal government.  It makes sure that all students get equal access to programs and services offered by your school.  You have to have a disability under the law in order to be protected.  In other words, you have to have a condition that impacts the way you use your body or the way that your body functions.  

  • What is the ADA?

    The Americans with Disabilities Act

    The ADA is a law that is aimed at making sure people with disabilities have civil rights. That means that it talks about how people with disabilities can do things like have jobs, vote, go to court, go shopping or go to a restaurant in their neighborhood. The ADA applies to both public schools and private schools. In schools, this law says that the school might have to change the way they do some things or let you do things a little differently like go to class, take a test, or go to a dance.

  • Let’s see if you remember the key points!

    Quiz

    Your life will probably be pretty different after high school.

    TRUE FALSE

    TRUE. For most of your life you’ve had to go to school all day. After high school, you get to make a lot more decisions about how to spend your time. You also have a lot more responsibility – to make money, to contribute to your family, and to build a life for yourself as an adult. This is an exciting time, but it can also be a little scary. Make sure you use the support that is available while you are still in school to plan for these changes.


    There are both federal and state laws that tell schools what they have to do to help students through the transition process.

    TRUE FALSE

    TRUE. There are a few laws that help schools decide what they will do to help students as they get ready to leave high school. IDEA, NYS Part 200, and Section 504 all require schools to help you plan for the future.


    Schools can ban kids with disabilities from any activity they want to.

    TRUE FALSE

    FALSE. Both the ADA and Section 504 prevent schools from treating kids differently just because they have a disability. This is called non-discrimination.


    Schools can’t bar kids with disabilities if they behave badly or break school rules. That would be discrimination!

    TRUE FALSE

    FALSE. If kids with disabilities break the rules, they can be punished just like anyone else.

  • Let’s review this chapter!

    Summary

    What is transition?  A change from one thing to the next.  In this case, it’s the change from a student to an adult.

     

    What does the law say about transition?

    • IDEA and Section 504 require that schools provide a “free and appropriate public education” or FAPE.
    • IDEA, NYS Part 200, and Section 504 require that schools help you plan for your future.
    • Both the ADA and Section 504 are nondiscriminatory. Meaning that they say schools (and other places) can’t prevent you from taking part in classes and other events because you have a disability.
  • Chapter complete!

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